Tag Archives: SEO

Wonder Woman Vs Batman Vs Superman: Lessons for SEO Content Creators

Say What? Comic book films and SEO Content Creation?

Yes. Most definitely. And here’s why:

I’m a big DC comics fan, so I probably spend more time than I should thinking about what makes a DC film good. And by “good,” I mean it exceeds my expectations in every way. It impresses me. It surprises me. It demonstrates an appreciation for the DC legacy while daring to innovate and build upon it.

A good comic book film compels me to watch it more than once and leaves me feeling emotionally satisfied when I’m done. In other words, good films leave me with the feeling that watching it was a worthwhile investment of my time and money, and that I reaped some benefit from what I’ve just encountered, even if that benefit is as simple as being satisfyingly entertained. 

The same principle applies to creating content as part of your SEO strategy. People crave content that is fresh, rewarding, and useful. From an SEO perspective, the better your content, the more likely your audience will come to trust your site as a source of information, entertainment, ideas, and so forth. It’s about building relationships and establishing trust, and your audience will judge your trustworthiness on the integrity of your content. 

Content Integrity

Content integrity: that’s what I like to call the quality that distinguishes good content from bad. There are a number of ways in which one can define “integrity,” but I’ll provide my own definition for this situation:

The characteristic of being honest, principled, consistent, and whole. In other words, content with integrity does not manipulate or mislead, nor does it appear to be fractured, shoddy, gimmicky, or incomplete. Content with integrity is content that people can trust.

To illustrate how audiences react to the quality of content, I’ll compare elements of two recent films from the DC Universe: Batman Vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice (2016) and Wonder Woman (2017). To this end, I’ll try to make the case that the disparity in critical and box office reception to the two films comes down to nothing more than the integrity of the content presented in each.

The content of a Hollywood blockbuster may seem light years away from the content you’re developing for your company’s website. But the end result is the same: both are trying to establish a mutually beneficial relationship between the provider and the audience, or between the brand and the consumer.

Overview of the DCEU

By now, most people know that DC film fans have regarded the studio’s output as a very mixed bag. I’ll focus on two just two examples here: 2016’s Batman Vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice and the 2017 follow-up, Wonder Woman. Both films drew massive audiences to the theaters and generated hundreds of millions of dollars in ticket sales. Building on characters and plot elements introduced in Man of Steel (2013), Batman Vs. Superman and Wonder Woman were seen as the leading edge of the highly anticipated and rapidly expanding DC Extended Universe (DCEU).

By way of comparison, take a quick look at the film universe created by DC’s rival, Marvel Studios. In this case, you have 10 generally well-received films (including the Iron Man, Black Panther, Guardians of the Galaxy, Spider-Man, Ant-Man, and The Avengers franchises) with interrelated plot elements, recurring characters, and a unifying storyline. The highly successful project/franchise is exactly what DC has been trying to replicate.

So What Happened?

In short, audiences and critics received Batman Vs. Superman and Wonder Woman very, very differently. Although the fanfare surrounding the release of both films reached a fever pitch before their opening weekends, Batman Vs. Superman disappointed while Wonder Woman delighted.

Batman Vs. Superman is generally regarded as a box-office bomb. Critics panned the film, theater ticket sales plummeted after the opening weekend, and–despite generating nearly a billion dollars in revenue–the studio only posted an estimated net profit of around $100M, an unimpressive margin for such a large scale production. Rotten Tomatoes assigned the film a score of 27%, while Metacritic rated it as a 44.

In contrast, Wonder Woman produced an estimated profit of $250M, more than twice that of Batman Vs. Superman, and has been well-received by critics and fans. The film boasts a Rotten Tomatoes score of 92% and a Metacritic rating of 76. It fared far better than its predecessor in terms of multiple-week box office performance.

Content Integrity: Making All the Difference

Plenty of ink (and keystrokes) have been spilled while trying to decipher exactly what went wrong with Batman Vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice. The most succinct appraisal of the film’s shortcoming’s that I’ve found comes from Rene Rodriguez at Miami.Com:

Batman v Superman is a sleek, stylish commercial by a studio desperate to birth a new cash cow post-Harry Potter. Almost every aspect of the film — from the shoehorning of Diana Prince (a beautifully blank Gal Gadot), aka Amazonian warrior Wonder Woman, into the plot to pointless cameos by several other fan-favorite DC characters — feels like it was decided in a boardroom instead of a writers’ pen. 

Miami.com, 3/22/2016

Rodriguez’s review is harsh but justified. Batman vs. Superman sacrifices substance on the altar of style, glosses over character development in order to deliver maximum action, and comes across as a rushed attempt on the part of Warner Brothers to make as much money as quickly as possible by launching their own cinematic universe. Audiences and DC comic fans recognized the ploy, and the internet is replete with negative reactions to the film. If you could sum them up in one word, that word might be cheated.

From DC Comics/Warner Brothers Films. No copyright infringement intended.

Content Weaknesses in Batman Vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice

  1. Character development. Fans of the comics and previous films know these characters well. Their origin stories are established and their roles in the DC universe are generally well-defined. The film makes some brief and paltry attempts to explore their relationships and personal crises, but fails to spend enough time on the interior life of the characters to reveal anything new. Audiences may enjoy special effects and epic battle sequences, but they invest emotionally with characters, especially when those characters grapple with recognizable human dilemmas. 
  2. Compelling narrative. The storyline of Batman Vs. Superman is completely telegraphed in the film’s title. In other words, the point of this film is simply to have two of DC’s most iconic characters featured in a the same film, and of course, to see them fight. True to form, Zack Snyder’s battle/action sequences are meticulously conceived and gorgeously executed. But fans received little in the way of innovative storytelling, and storytelling is how we build connections with our audience. 
  3. Sense of urgency. This critique is a bit more abstract, so let me phrase it this way: it was difficult to shake the feeling that the point of the film was to lay the groundwork for future DC projects. As Rodrigues pointed out above, the film felt like a commercial for upcoming films, and lacked a sense of authenticity or merit of its own. Why should anyone care about a film that feels like a prequel? In the end, DC failed to make the case for why the events of this film were critical. 
  4. New information. Some of the best moments in Batman Vs. Superman (and let me be clear, there are some good moments in the film) occur when the audience is given new information or introduced to new characters. The teaser footage for the other members of the Justice League was exciting. But other than this, we don’t really get much in the way of new insights in to the DCEU. There’s no depth added to Superman’s relationships with his mother or Lois Lane, and, in contrast to Christopher Nolan’s Dark Knight Trilogy, Batman reveals little in the way of vulnerability since his character primarily interacts with Alfred.

So that’s my short critique of Batman Vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice. (Sorry DC, I really do love you!) Now let’s focus on what DC did right with Wonder Woman.

Wonder Woman
From DC Comics/Warner Brothers Films. No copyright infringement intended.

Content Strengths in Wonder Woman

  1. Character development. Ok, so director Patty Jenkins had a clear advantage in the rich mine of characters from which she could work: virtually all the characters in Wonder Woman were new to the big screen. Beyond this, she also gave audiences sufficient time to bond with the characters, especially Diana Prince. Not only do we see Diana grow up in Themyscira, but we see her struggle to become involved in the outside world and negotiate the political and human realities of WWI. We also get a peek at her attempt to resolve gender and value differences as she encounters them outside of her native island. The result: a three-dimensional character with flaws as well as superpowers with whom people can relate. 

To take this a bit further, consider this TomandLorenzo review of Wonder Woman’s costume:

Quite possibly the most dramatic and emotional superhero costume reveal ever filmed. Director Patty Jenkins, among her many other fine qualities, understands that superhero stories work best when simple scenes are tied to big emotional moments, whether that scene requires punching or nothing more dramatic than shedding a cloak. For her entire tenure in “man’s world,” Diana had been told to cover herself up, hide who she is and accept what she cannot do. Her experiences as a hero are metaphors for the things virtually all women have been told while striding through the world; to be quiet, to be demure, to do as you’re told.

A male director almost certainly would not have understood the emotional depths of this metaphor or how well it could be paid off simply by paying attention to her costume and what it means. This is the classic “hero accepts her mission” moment and it’s bound up entirely in costume design as she sheds her disguise to accept her task. The eagle, the star, the gold and the lightning bolt, unveiled and unleashed. Her history, her family, her people, her destiny.

In other words, even though Wonder Woman is built on themes audiences will immediately recognize, the film manages to deliver them in fresh and exciting ways.

The film’s biggest asset is its capacity for delivering dynamic characters who feel authentically human. The film focuses on the crises Diana faces as she attempts to reconcile her personal sense of mission, her Amazonian worldview, and the moral decay she encounters in the outside world. The film also explores her complex relationships with her mother and aunt, her Amazonian sisters, and Steve Trevor. As a result, Diana Prince comes across as a human endowed with superpowers, rather than as a superhero whom the writers attempt to humanize. 

2.  Compelling narrative. There is a lot going on in Wonder Woman. Not only is DC introducing a new character to the big screen, the studio provides a story that is rich in history (both mythological and actual) as well as connected to the larger DCEU. By weaving Wonder Woman’s story into that of WWI, Patty Jenkins achieves a balance between the familiar and the strange, the classic and the modern. It feels fresh.

3. Sense of urgency. The choice to set the events of Wonder Woman against the backdrop of WWI is one of the film’s greatest assets. Audiences can appreciate the gravity of the plot, and having Wonder Woman play a (limited but significant) role in the events of the war allows the film to capture the inertia of actual history and harness it to propel the events of the story. 

4. New information. Again, Patty Jenkins and the writers of the film have an advantage here. Beyond the new characters introduced in Wonder Woman, this film also marks a major expansion of the DCEU. The mysterious island of the Amazons is revealed, along with the deities of classical mythology. But these introductions also offer a tantalizing taste of what is to come: if there is one magical island, there could be more? If there is one pantheon of gods, why not others? A human origin story is provided, and magical artifacts (WW’s lasso, braces, habit, shield, and sword) also come into play. Audiences will find plenty to fascinate them in this film. 

The Takeaway

Whether you’re developing content to increase website traffic or entice audiences into a movie theater, the lessons are the same:

  1. Audiences are smart and highly selective about how they spend their time. Make sure your content provides value for them, and they will return for more.
  2. When it comes to building content for your website, you may only get one chance to earn your audience’s trust. We know from the data that users only need a few seconds to decide whether or not they will explore or abandon your site. Get their attention ASAP by providing fresh, crisp, and relevant content.
  3. Good storytelling builds relationships. As many a marketer has told me, most people make decisions based on their emotions, so why not create content that engages them on that level? People enjoy seeing themselves and their lives reflected in the world around them, so present them with useful information, but deliver it in the most human way as possible.
  4. Give your audience the best possible content, every single time.

Thank you for your time!

I hope this blog post has been helpful. Feel free to leave a comment below. I love to learn!

Disclaimer: All images used were taken from the internet and should be credited to DC Comics/Warner Brothers Studios. No copyright infringement intended. 

SEO: Micro-formatting

SEO: Micro-formatting

Microformats are syntax that help a search engine identify the specific types of content on your website.

The best resource for assistance with microformatting is schema.org. This site will help you find and use the HTML syntax you need to optimize your site for search engines.

In particular, microformatting:

  1. Uses specific syntax to identify types of content
  2. Tells search engines what kind of content they are indexing
  3. Helps return content to users who are seeking it


SEO: Content Optimization

SEO: Content Optimization & Textual Elements

  1. Seek clarity and quality at all times.
  2. Create content that others will want to share. Sharing is a sign of trust and search engines are sensitive to it.
  3. Build authority by developing themes.
  4. Optimize site structure and textual page elements.

Optimizing Textual Page Elements

  1. URL – must be concise, contain keywords or phrases, and/or usable information. Use hyphens to help search engines process your information.
  2. Meta Title Tags – these tags appear in search engine results and entice users to click. Make them readable and concise. The Moz Title Tag Preview Tool will let you see how your meta title tags will appear on the SERP.
  3. Meta Descriptions – these can improve your click-through rate and are often used as text that shows up in a search engine result.
  4. H1 Header Tags – include keywords, as these function as a headline for your page.
  5. Body Text – repeat the target phrase 1-3 times. Don’t overdo it: search engines recognize this as “spammy” and may penalize you for it.
  6. Images – use keywords in image tags and alt text to optimize



SEO Analysis

SEO: Earning Experience in the Best Way Possible

In addition to teaching myself SEO and content marketing through reading, earning certifications, and watching online tutorials, I’ve been reaching out to friends and family who have business websites.

The pitch goes something like this: I need experience putting together SEO analyses and strategies. If you let me use your website for my research, I’ll share my results with you so you can put my recommendations to work. Free help for you, free experience for me. 

So what am I doing for them?

The SEO Analysis

First, I’ll take a look at some key performance indicators:

  1. SE results for Google and Bing – quick check to see the site’s current visibility and which competitors may outrank it
  2. URL check – I’ll want to make sure the site’s URL contains the site name or some descriptive text. This helps the SE understand the site’s purpose and how to categorize it.
  3. Meta-description tags – I’ll be making sure this bit of information (which shows up on the SERP) contains critical keywords and accurate descriptions
  4. Look at global rankings – I want to drill deeper into how the site is faring in the search results and rankings, especially compared to their competitors.
  5. Check on domain + page authority – How well is the site trusted by the SEs? The higher the authority, the more often it will appear in the SERP. I’ll use Moz Open Site Explorer for this.
  6. Check bounce rates
  7. Look for incoming links

This information provides the basis of the SEO analysis, but there’s still more to do.  I’m running late this morning so the rest of this post will have to wait.


SEO: The Basics

SEO: Introduction

The keys to successful SEO efforts are research, planning, and patience. SEO strategy is a moving target in which available information and goals are continuously evolving. This is a long-term process that produces long-term value.

The basic steps for SEO implementation include

  • Developing a strategy
  • Researching keywords
  • Creating content
  • Building links
  • Resolving technical issues

In addition, successful SEO requires optimizing for two audiences: real people and search engines. Of the two, the priority generally be optimizing for real people, because search engines are continually improving their ability to read and process text in the same way humans do. Of course, a balance must be struck between the technical and creative aspects of SEO so that both audiences find your content accessible and useful.



Why I Refer to Myself As a “Language Geek”

The Challenge

During a recent conversation, a friend of mine challenged me: Why do you refer to yourself as a language geek? A fair enough question, and one I’m happy to answer.

To do so, I’d like to work backwards, perhaps, from more specific to general qualifications.

Close Reading

Jane Gallop is the Distinguished Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and she was my instructor. In her class, I learned a technique called “close reading,” which focuses on the words, syntax, grammar, and the idiosyncrasies of a particular text. Close reading requires microanalysis of word choice, punctuation, and vocabulary, in an effort to more thoroughly understand the work and sometimes its author. It’s about as obsessive about language as you can get.

Snapshot of example text
Snapshot of the text in my copy of “The Psychic Life of Power” by Judith Butler.

Studies in Literature and Cultural Theory.

An MA in English? Big deal. Actually, yes, with regard to SEO and content creation, it’s a very big deal. Graduate programs in the humanities demand the analysis and synthesis of complex information, in an effort to understand humans.

The themes, strategies, and styles that I’ve studied (not to mention the content) allow me a keen insight into what makes people tick. Want to motive a person to perform a desired action, even one as simple as clicking on a link? You’d better have a good understanding of how language, thoughts, and words affect people. After all, language is the building block of culture, society, and reality.

Studies in Marketing

Finally, I decided to return to school a few years ago to pursue a degree in business. Much of my program was centered upon marketing, in particular, how to a) create compelling stories to connect with potential customers and b) how to develop content that establishes your brand as an authority.

Fascination with SEO

During my marketing studies, I became mesmerized by SEO strategies, so I decided that this would be a focus of my learning. How are people using words to access information? What are the most popular terms? Where are the long tail opportunities? What can research tools and data reveal about search behavior? 

A Lifelong Obsession with Words

I read my first real novel at the age of 8, when I discovered The Hobbit, but my parents and grandparents had been reading to me since I was born. I became a voracious reader, taking in anything I could get my hands on. My love of literature became a love of communication and teaching, and there begins the trajectory of my professional career.

I spend a great deal of time thinking about words. About their meanings, their histories, and their value. Why this word and not another? How does this word relate to the words that precede or follow it? Doe this word have different meanings in different cultural contexts? Is there room for misinterpretation or ambiguity? All important to me.

So Those Are My Qualifications

Feel free to tell me what you think in the comments below. Cheers!